Source – https://www.inverse.com/article/53421-we-wanted-to-know-what-the-data-would-show
The team, led by Lorine Hughes, an associate professor at UC Denver’s School of Public Affairs, spent over two years gathering data on the effect of dispensaries on the crime rates in their communities. Tracking the crime, Hughes tells Inverse, was the easy part. In Denver, the last five years of crime data is available to the public. Navigating the under-regulated, newly minted recreational dispensary world, says Hughes, was significantly more difficult.
“There was no standardized list [for dispensaries]” said Hughes. “Statuses would fluctuate. There were errors. Sometimes they went into delinquent status, then they’d resolve that issue a few weeks later.” Storefronts often changed hands, explains Hughes, as dispensaries moved from purely medical outlets to ones serving recreational clients, too. It was a “fast-moving thing,” so Hughes and her team eventually bypassed digital resources and went old-school: They went into communities, and they talked to people.
Their thinking was that as states like New York and Illinois prepare to potentially legalize recreational marijuana use over the next year, debates surrounding the cultural connotations of weed have been growing in volume. Hughes and her team were curious what they would find when they cut through the ideological arguments to the actual facts at hand.
“We wanted to know what the data would show,” says Hughes.
Because of federal laws, dispensaries remain a cash-only business. Their full coffers, plus their, uh, appealing product, makes them a target for burglary attempts. Their popularity and their novelty, especially in the immediate months following an opening, leads to just more people being around. More people means more opportunities for small-time crime, like disturbing the peace or drug and alcohol infractions, as well as violent crime. And police, knowing all of this, may patrol more heavily the areas around new dispensaries, says Hughes, leading to more tickets.
Based on criminological theory, Hughes and her team suspected an initial rise in crime sparked by the arrival of a new dispensary. Ultimately, the researchers found that while crime rates rose initially in areas surrounding recreational marijuana dispensaries, within a few years, the spike leveled out.
Like every new industry, the recreational dispensaries needed a few years to work the kinks out, to stabilize their business plan and get their operations in order. And when treated like every other new industry — by law enforcement, by local government, by neighbors — dispensaries figured their shit out, too. Crime leveled out. And things went back to normal. But not just any new normal, a new normal on weed.